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A small fee increase in a proposed Minneapolis city budget would raise millions to promote energy efficiency — and pay for itself many times over, according to advocates.
Released this week, the budget calls for a 0.5 percent franchise fee increase for all customers — residential, commercial and industrial — that would raise roughly $3 million annually, according to John Farrell, director of the Energy Democracy Initiative at the Minneapolis-based Institute for Local Self-Reliance.
Farrell, who is among those who proposed the idea, serves on the board of the Clean Energy Partnership, a unique collaboration between city officials and the two utilities which serve Minneapolis: Xcel Energy and CenterPoint Energy.
The extra money will “allow the city to focus on the goals in the Clean City Partnership,” he said, including outreach to hard-to-reach minority and disadvantaged communities. “It will be work out to 50 cents a month for most homeowners, and more for larger users of electricity.”
Franchise fees are charged on utility bills in return for permitting utilities permission to construct, operate, repair their distribution systems. The city’s franchise agreement with both utilities lasts several years. Fees range from 4.5 percent for residential customers to 3 to 5 percent for industrial and commercial businesses, depending on their customer classification.
Translated into dollars and cents, the half percent bump would leave residential customers with a 57-cent average increase monthly on their bills. Commercial businesses would see a $7.16 average monthly jump, while industrial users would see the most — $195 average per month.
“I’m excited about the idea,” said Cam Gordon, a city council member who has worked on sustainability issues. “I’ve been a long-time supporter of additional funding for efficiency and clean renewable energy.”
Gordon said the franchise fees have been higher in the past and that he did not anticipate a great deal of opposition since the increase is so small. And Minneapolis charges less for its franchise fees than many other neighboring cities.
If criticism emerges it might come from larger office building owners who would see a larger dollar amount from the franchise fee bump, he suggested. They could pay for the increase through participating in conservation programs, Gordon said.
The utilities have told city officials that they take no position on increasing the franchise fee but would welcome more engagement in promotion of their conservation programs, he said.
While Gordon sees the focus on helping businesses and residents benefit from existing utility conservation improvement programs, he’s open to using the money for other efforts.
The extra money could be used by the city to help residents with low credit scores subscribe to community solar gardens. The city would serve as a “backstop” by guaranteeing payment should subscribers struggle to make good on their utility bills, he said.
Robin Garwood, Gordon’s policy aide, suggested the funding might be used for helping residents and businesses with loan loss reserves that would work as well for community solar subscriptions as for energy efficiency projects.
Farrell believes the money could go toward collaborations with organizations which work in minority neighborhoods. By tapping the right “messengers” to speak to different communities – renters, landlords – about energy efficiency the city will move closer to reaching its ambitious carbon reduction goals, he believes.
As an example, Farrell said Latino renters and small business owners have been hard to reach. By teaming with existing nonprofits, the city might find a more effective way to tap into that audience and break down potential barriers of suspicion and fear, especially in immigrant communities.
All told, utilities spend around $21 million annually on energy efficiency programs, he added. While the additional funding is not earmarked, Farrell and other committee members see it as helping reach single family and multi-family housing, as well as for programs focused on business.
The proposal depends largely on existing outreach programs Xcel, CenterPoint and the city offer residents and businesses. Farrell serves on the Energy Vision Advisory Committee (EVAC) of the Clean Energy Partnership, which endorsed the proposal.
For now the city has pilot programs underway that could be expanded by the franchise fee increase. For businesses those include the Green Business Cost Share Program and a small business energy coaching pilot focused on Lake Street, a major thoroughfare in Minneapolis.
In a presentation Farrell made over the summer to EVAC, the impact of the franchise fee increase was discussed. Using research from three groups, EVAC member Timothy DenHerder-Thomas, a solar developer, found efficiency programs could cut citywide energy use anywhere from 35 to 78 percent.
A goal of decreasing energy by 50 percent would reduce energy use 1.5 percent a year, and greenhouse gas emissions 1 percent annually. That would put the city much closer to its goal of reducing greenhouse gases by 30 percent by 2025 and 80 percent by 2050.
The savings from that goal could reach $42.5 million by 2022 and grow to $280 million by 2050.
“It’s a nominal fee,” he said. “It’s not zero but every dollar being raised will help reduce energy bills. It will reduce bills more than it will cost for the fee.”