The Perry Nuclear Power Station in Lake County, Ohio. Credit: FirstEnergy Corp. / Flickr / Creative Commons

The bankrupt company’s three Ohio nuclear plants failed to clear PJM’s capacity auction despite higher prices.

The failure of FirstEnergy Solutions’ nuclear power plants to clear a regional capacity auction supports the case for closing them, critics said.

Regional grid operator PJM announced the results of its 2021-2022 capacity auction last week. While FirstEnergy Solutions groused about the results, others expressed vindication in the rejection of its three nuclear plants.

“The recent PJM capacity market auction indicates how extremely uncompetitive the FES nuclear plants are today,” said Howard Learner, executive director of the Environmental Law & Policy Center.

FirstEnergy Solutions in a statement called the results “as unfortunate as they are unsurprising.” The company announced on March 28 plans to close the power plants within three years, but was required to offer them into the capacity auction because it didn’t announce the closures sooner.

The annual PJM capacity auction aims to ensure that enough electricity will be available to cover projected peak needs plus a margin of safety for the next three years. Generators submit a price per megawatt for capacity they can guarantee, and any at or below the clearing price are accepted.

This year’s clearing price for FirstEnergy’s Ohio service zone: $171.33 per megawatt-day. Bids at or below that amount cleared the auction.

FirstEnergy Solutions’ inability to clear the auction hasn’t stopped it from continuing to seek subsidies that might allow it to continue operating the plants. “We will continue to seek legislative and regulatory relief at the state and federal levels — relief that recognizes the critical but uncompensated contribution that our plants make to the reliability and resilience of the regional grid,” said Thomas Mulligan, the company’s outside media relations consultant and spokesperson.

That comment tracks with remarks that FirstEnergy President and CEO Chuck Jones made last month when the company released its first quarter earnings.

Higher capacity prices

This year’s capacity auction clearing price for FirstEnergy’s Ohio service zone was more than twice what it was last year and $31.33 more than the $140/MW-day closing price for the rest of Ohio and some other parts of the PJM territory. FirstEnergy Solutions’ comments claimed that higher costs for electric power capacity are among the “range of adverse impacts” from closing its plants.

That’s not how PJM explained the difference.

A zone can have higher capacity prices as a result of the dollar value of offers from resources within it and transmission limits into the territory “which prevent lower-cost capacity from supplying the area,” said PJM spokeswoman Susan Buehler.

This year’s higher clearing prices for the PJM region as a whole show the competitive market at work, said Stu Bresler, PJM’s senior vice president for operations and markets.

Here’s why: Part of the grid operator’s demand forecast reflects the cost of market entry for a new generation resources. Energy prices have fallen in recent years and are expected to stay relatively low three years from now. However, the revenue that a new combustion turbine generator would need in order to enter the market is relatively fixed. So that “reference resource” would need more from capacity payments to entice it to enter the market.

PJM had more than enough generating capacity offered into this year’s auction for expected peak needs, even beyond the 21.5 percent reserve margin that the grid operator allowed to clear.

“Grid experts have proven time and time again that FirstEnergy plants are not needed for reliability or resilience,” said Dick Munson, Environmental Defense Fund director for Midwest Clean Energy.

Learner, of the Environmental Law & Policy Center, said there is already a surplus of nuclear generation in the Midwest, which is why some didn’t clear the PJM auction. FirstEnergy’s poor business decisions in the past should not now let it get subsidies for uncompetitive coal and nuclear plants, he added.

“That’s like asking consumers to pay more to subsidize landline phones or camera film while cell phones and digital cameras are better products that are winning in the competitive markets,” Learner said.

In his view, “FES’s request for costly public subsidies amounts to ‘lemon socialism.’”

Kathi is the author of 25 books and more than 600 articles, and writes often on science and policy issues. In addition to her journalism career, Kathi is an alumna of Harvard Law School and has spent 15 years practicing law. She is a member of the Society of Environmental Journalists and the National Association of Science Writers. Kathi covers the state of Ohio.

2 replies on “FirstEnergy critics say PJM auction shows its nuclear plants aren’t needed”

  1. The problem with PJM auctions– they don’t value the fact that nuclear is clean, non-emitting energy. Wind and Solar can run at a loss because they are shored up by subsidies and mandates, nuclear doesn’t get that kind of love.

    Seeing groups like the Environmental Law & Policy Center and Environmental Defense Fund take a victory lap about 90% of Ohio’s clean energy closing is offensive and telling– they care more about closing nuclear than air pollution or climate change.

  2. Well, sure, nuclear plants aren’t “needed” if you’re content to use coal and gas plants, and don’t care about emissions of CO2 and other air pollutants that harm public health. Clean air and reduced global warming are things of tangible value, but the market still refuses to place any value on them (in the case of nuclear, anyway; renewables get large subsidies and outright mandates for use for those same reasons). These auction results are simply a reflection of that flawed market design.

    Yes, the lights will stay on if the nuclear plants close. Grid reliability would not be significantly affected. But CO2 emissions and air pollution would significantly increase. Power costs may eventually increase as well, due to lower supply vs. demand. Efforts to reduce CO2 emissions and address global warming would be set WAY back. The loss of these nuclear plants will more than offset the emissions reductions achieved by all of the solar and wind built in the PJM region to date. And even with optimistic projections for renewables growth, it will take 15 years for the region to merely get back to where it was (in terms of CO2 emissions) before the nukes closes.

    This article gives a great explanation of the situation. Anyone who claims to be an environmentalist, or that they are genuinely concerned about global warming, should be very opposed to letting these plants close.

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