COAL: A large tornado tears through the North Antelope Rochelle coal mine — the nation’s largest — in the Powder River Basin, injuring eight workers and toppling train cars and buses. (Associated Press)

ALSO: Federal regulators order BNSF Railway to haul more coal from Navajo Transitional Energy Co.’s Powder River Basin mine to a coastal export terminal after the company accused the railroad of violating its common-carrier obligation. (Trains)

OIL & GAS:
An analysis finds dozens of serious oil field violations in a southern California county remain unresolved years after regulators cited the operators. 
(Bakersfield Californian)
• Federal occupational safety regulators fine the operators of a Colorado oil refinery $15,000 for violations related to a December fire that injured two workers. (Denver Post)

EFFICIENCY: An Arizona startup works to develop dimmable glass residential windows aimed at increasing homes’ efficiency. (Arizona Daily Star)

SOLAR:
Advocates say utility-scale solar installations in the California desert are further taxing drought-diminished groundwater supplies to mitigate dust during construction. (Inside Climate News)
Utah’s Supreme Court rejects advocates’ bid to increase Rocky Mountain Power’s net metering compensation for rooftop solar. (Deseret News)
A southwestern Colorado county approves a proposed 1.7 MW solar installation after some residents raised concerns it would affect their rural way of life. (Capital Press)

HYDROGEN: A Colorado college partners with federal researchers and energy companies to search for and develop ways to extract geologic hydrogen. (Forbes)

TRANSPORTATION:
• Colorado’s largest transit agency experiences service and reliability issues as it grapples with labor shortages. (Greeley Tribune)
A Washington state transit agency advances plans for a light rail line in suburban Seattle. (Trains)

ELECTRIC VEHICLES: Arizona Gov. Katie Hobbs suggests a fee or tax on electric vehicle drivers to offset lost gasoline taxes, but has not yet proposed any specific measures. (Arizona Daily Star)

UTILITIES: Analysts predict PacifiCorp won’t declare bankruptcy even though pending lawsuits could require it to pay billions of dollars in damages for its role in sparking Oregon wildfires in 2020. (Oregonian) 

HYDROPOWER: Republican U.S. lawmakers plan to hold a field hearing in Washington state to push back on efforts to breach four hydropower dams to help recover salmon and steelhead populations. (Spokesman-Review)

CRITICAL MINERALS: A mining company plans to invest nearly $1 billion to expand its Utah copper mine as federal officials debate whether to designate copper a critical mineral. (E&E News, subscription)

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Jonathan hails from southwestern Colorado and has been writing about the land, cultures, and communities of the Western United States for more than two decades. He compiles the Western Energy News digest. He is the author of three books, a contributing editor at High Country News, and the editor of the Land Desk, an e-newsletter that provides coverage and context on issues critical to the West.