Supporters say the concept has the potential to accelerate emission reductions in transportation and agriculture.
A developer is pursuing city financing to build an aquifer thermal energy system as an alternative to natural gas.
A coalition of environmental groups and the state’s largest cities say all of the money should go toward electrification.
Clean energy advocates say the Midwest needs to change how it plans — and pays for — transmission projects.
Gabe Chan, an assistant professor at the University of Minnesota, seeks to connect research with public policy.