Critics say tracking renewable natural gas production and sales will be difficult and present opportunities for fraud.
The debate in Holyoke, Massachusetts, is not unique in the Northeast, where pipeline constraints are forcing decisions.
A 2019 state law requires utilities to consider energy storage in their long-range resource plans.
DTE’s strategy, clean energy advocates say, is “less ambitious” than Consumers’ “transformative” long-range plan.
The agreement between Xcel Energy and clean energy advocates also includes building 3,000 megawatts of solar.